Logan Physio Logo Dark

Pain – Clinic Newsletter July 2016 Physio

National Pain Week is 25th -31st of July.

Pain, at a physiological level, is stimulation of sensitive nerve endings (nociceptive) either by chemical or mechanical means. The purpose of this is to inform us that there is tissue damage commonly due to an injury.

The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain. Postural strain, overuse, repetitive movements and prolonged immobilisation are all alternative causes of pain. As a result of spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening due to changes in posture and poor body mechanics, other muscles can become misused and painful. 

Types of Pain

Acute Pain is defined as pain lasting less than 3 to 6 months, or pain that is directly related to tissue damage.

Chronic Pain there are at least two different types of chronic pain problems – chronic pain due to an identifiable pain generator (e.g. an injury), and chronic pain with no identifiable pain generator (e.g. the injury has healed).

Referred Pain is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus/origin.

How is musculoskeletal pain treated?

Musculoskeletal pain is best treated by addressing the cause. This will vary depending on whether you are experiencing bone, muscle, ligament, tendon, or joint pain, or some other kind of musculoskeletal pain.

Where Physiotherapy may help:

* Education about the pain processes

* Using a splint to immobilise the affected joint and allow healing

* Using heat or cold

* Dry Needling

* Biofeedback techniques

* Ultrasound or interferential modalities

* Mobilisation, trigger point therapy

* Therapeutic massage

* Advice and education about how and which exercises can help

o Strengthening and conditioning exercises

o Stretching exercises

o Graded exercise programs – slowly increase exercise tolerance

* Pain coping strategies so that you have effective tools to manage episodes of pain

* Re-education of normal posture and movement patterns

* Workplace assessment and addressing ergonomic factors

* Address movement behaviours that you may have developed that are not helpful

* Liaison with GPs, psychologists and specialists where required

For a positive treatment outcome it is crucial to have an understanding of pain, what type of pain it is and where it is coming from. Physiotherapists are specifically trained in diagnosing injury and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.

If you have pain that is not going away and or getting worse it is important to see your physiotherapist.


Book Your Appointment With A Health Care Professional